of 1517, commonly known as the Ninety-Five Theses, is considered the central document of the Protestant Reformation.
Its complete title reads: “Out of love and zeal for clarifying the truth, these items written below will be debated at Wittenberg.
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Cur Papa, cuius opes hodie sunt opulentissimis Crassis crassiores, non de suis pecuniis magis quam pauperum fidelium struit unam tantummodo Basilicam sancti Petri?
Quid remittit aut participat Papa iis, qui per contritionem perfectam ius habent plenarie remissionis et participationis? Ac sic magis per multas tribulationes intrare celum quam per securitatem pacis confidant. Cur Papa non evacuat purgatorium propter sanctissimam charitatem et summam animarum necessitatem ut causam omnium iustissimam, Si infinitas animas redimit propter pecuniam funestissimam ad structuram Basilice ut causam levissimam? Cur permanent exequie et anniversaria defunctorum et non reddit aut recipi permittit beneficia pro illis instituta, cum iam sit iniuria pro redemptis orare? You will then be sent a link via email to verify your account.If you are not a member or are having any other problems, please contact customer support.Luther (1483–1546), a German priest and professor of theology, became the most important figure in the great religious revolt against the Catholic Church known as the Reformation.While he intended to use the 95 theses as the basis for an academic dispute, his indictment of church practices rapidly spread, thanks to the then still-new art of printing.So, Martin Luther, on October 31, 1517 drew up a list of points for debate and he had 95 in total. I thought for Reformation Day this year we would talk about the Top 5 of the 95.So here it goes, the Top 5: In the first Thesis Luther says, “When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said ‘repent’ He intended that the entire life of believers should be repentance.” Now after Luther wrote the 95 Theses, he also wrote a document called “Explanation of the 95 Theses,” and in that text he explains that this word “repent” in the Latin Vulgate was translated as , which means, translated, as “Go, and do penance.” The year before 1517, in 1516, Erasmus published the Greek text and Luther had a copy of that Greek text. So this return to Scripture had an immediate impact on the very first of Luther’s 95 Theses. Now we need a little background for this one as well.Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and of Sacred Theology and an official professor at Wittenberg, will speak in their defense.He asks this in the matter: That those who are unable to be present to debate with us in speech should, though absent from the scene, treat the matter by correspondence. Amen.” The document went on to list 95 clerical abuses, chiefly relating to the sale of indulgences (payment for remission of earthly punishment of sins) by the Roman Catholic Church.