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Henri Fayol made a major contribution to the theory of management by developing a "common approach" to administration and formulating several principles of administrative theory that define its functions, principles and controls.
As far as managers’ abilities were concerned, Henri Fayol emphasized that every manager should have "a special knowledge" specific to any function.
In general, every manager needs the following qualities and capabilities (Fayol, 1949): Fayol believed that management could not be strictly regulated but should be based on certain principles and rules.
The former involves the work itself, means and objects of labor, while the latter is the relation between people engaged in the labor process.
These relations had been the subject of Fayol’s research, i.e. Fayol argued that administrative functions existed at all levels of the organization and even workers themselves discharged them.
He only focused on management, because other six types were well-researched and comprehended.
Technical, commercial, and financial operations were interesting for the researcher, because they were impacted by the administrative function. To a large degree, success of management depends on a leader’s experience, his abilities and talent.Furthermore, Henri Fayol is considered as one of the founders of the accounting human factors principles in production and management, as well as one of the first scientists to draw attention to issues of human relations between managers in general and subordinates in particular.This provided an incentive to research the fields of formal and informal relations between organizational subsystems.Fayol formulated the concept of the continuity of the management process, which incorporated the following related functions: planning, organization, management (administration), coordination and control.Up until now, all the textbooks on management and practical consultancy have been largely based on this classic circuit, which has influenced the modern approach to systems analysis and design of modern organizations.The researcher set the goal of teaching industrial administrators an important management function that would ensure maximum individual and collective productivity by concentrating laborers’ "will" on one very specific direction mentioned by an entrepreneur.This requires the creation of the science of managing people, based on "a careful study and scientific experimentation"(Fayol, 1949).Thus, Fayol came up with three principles, which are useful to any administrative activity.The first principle is discipline, which is realized through a contract of employment meant to ensure obedience, diligence, energy and external manifestation of respect.According to Fayol (Fayol, 1949), administration includes six main groups of operations management present in all industrial enterprises, such as: This operational guidance is referred to as general management.However, not all six groups of operations are the subject of Fayol’s thorough research.