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In (1970) the power of the unconscious to shape the persona is taken to an unprecedented level.
She then attended the University of Sussex, receiving a Ph D for her thesis "The Garden Master: The Poetry of Theodore Roethke" in 1972 (it was published as a book in 1975).
After she completed her Ph D, Sullivan moved to France to teach at the University of Dijon, and later at the University of Bordeaux.
Atwood’s fame, however, also rests on her voluminous contributions to the genres of poetry and short story.
Moreover, as a critical analyst, historian, and essayist, Atwood’s writings have appeared in a wide range of scholarly material spanning from college and university textbooks to important literary journals and anthologies.
Her international reputation began with the publication of her first collection of poetry, in 1961.
Ever since then Atwood has successively contributed to all the main genres of literature making her the most productive writer of her time in Canada.Atwood’s fiction has been widely translated into different languages, adding to her international reputation.Atwood was born to Carl and Margaret Killam Atwood in 1939 in Ottawa.In a similar way in the Spanish culture, "the bull, embroidered / with blood and given / an elegant death, trumpets, his name / stamped in him, heraldic brand" is different from its counterpart in Canada: "In this country the animals / have the faces of / animals" and "Their deaths are not elegant." Although most of the poems in this collection address the more general issues of environment and the discrepancies between man and nature, some of the poems in deal with more specific subjects like the alienation of mankind in a non-feeling environment as suggested by these lines from "What happened": "No wires tender even as nerves / can transmit the impact of / our seasons, our catastrophes / while we are closed inside them." There is certainly a large gap, according to Atwood, distancing mankind from his fellow men, but he has, undoubtedly, also traveled afar from his true nature as the following lines from "What Happened" highlight: Meanwhile on several areas of my skin, strange bruises glow and fade, and I can’t remember what accidents I had, whether I was badly hurt, how long ago.Leaving one’s country behind, immigrating to a country like Canada with all the physical hardship it bears for an early settler, as well as the recurrent themes of the impossibility of thorough communication between men and the growing alienation they experience find their way in (1970) which captures the struggles of Susanna Moodie, as a pioneer woman.Sullivan was born in the small town of Valois on Lac Saint-Louis, just outside Montreal, Quebec. Thomas High School, she attended Mc Gill University on a scholarship, and received her bachelor's degree in 1968.After she was married, in 1968, she attended the University of Connecticut, where she received her MA in 1969.Of the other major influences on Atwood’s literary career was the work of the Romantic poet, William Blake, whom she took an interest in through her teacher, the renowned critic and literary scholar Northrop Frye at the time she was doing undergraduate work at University of Toronto.The influence of William Blake marks Atwood’s first collection of verse, (1961) which also sets the tone and theme for the rest of her poetry.Conflict, in general, constitutes the backbone of most of Atwood’s poetry and in it extends to the contention that exists between genders, art and nature, and Canadians as a distinct nation vis-à-vis other people among other binary oppositions.The highly metaphoric use of language in most of the poems in this collection, but most notably in poems like "Playing Cards" and "An Attempted Solution for Chess Problems" highlight the limitations mankind sets for himself in his interaction with the world in the same way laws and regulations governing children’s games are restricted to the games and not applicable to the real world, outside.