The park lies in the flood plains of Brahmaputra River and so every year the region is completely drenched with high water level; so do the wildlife gets affected by it too.
And keeping such messy situation in mind, the park officials are always ready for every kind of provision for the safety of the jungle beings of Kaziranga.
Lying between the latitudes of 26°30' N and 26°45' N, and longitudes 93°08' E to 93°36' E within two districts of Assam, Golaghat and Nagaon, the Kaziranga National Park is stretched across an area of 378 sq km with an addition of 429 sq km along the present boundary of the park.
The land of Kaziranga is made fertile with the alluvial soil formed by the erosion and the silt deposition of Brahmaputra River to make it more eligible for agriculture at the outskirts of the park area.
Rattan Cane, which is a type of climbing palm, also adds beauty of Kaziranga National Park.
Different vegetation coverage in Kaziranga National Park is: tall thickets of elephant grasses 41%, short grasses 11%, open jungle 29%, rivers and water bodies 8%, sand 6% and swamps 4%.It was in the year 1905, June 1st that Mary Curzon proposed the idea of converting Kaziranga into a reserve forest by extending the area into 232 sq km.Today this park is home to around two-third of world's great one-horned Indian rhinos.The park receives rainfall for just 48 days in a year and has a unique vegetation.You can find small animals and herbivorous commonly here as the region is filled with shrub forest.Besides, with the highest density of tigers among the protected areas of the world, Kaziranga in the year 2006 was also declared as a tiger reserve.The park also boasts has large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo and swamp deer.Each sanctuary is different in term of best time to visit, common animals to spot, tourist attractions inside and so on.The park is rich with 35 mammal species and more than 260 species of birds apart from the migration birds.In addition, Kaziranga is recognized as an 'Important Bird Area' by Birdlife International for the conservation of avifaunal species.Wildlife in Park The land of Kaziranga which is rich in one-horned rhinos and elephants supports the growth and survival of a unique and diverse wildlife.