Essay On Walter Gropius

Essay On Walter Gropius-52
The second essay will explore the middle period, as Bauhaus – now a set of ideas and some key individuals – left Germany and moved into western Europe and then America.The final essay will treat the later years of Bauhaus up until the present.

The second essay will explore the middle period, as Bauhaus – now a set of ideas and some key individuals – left Germany and moved into western Europe and then America.The final essay will treat the later years of Bauhaus up until the present.

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There is no concise answer to the question ‘what is Bauhaus?

’ First it was a school with a specific curriculum in art and design.

That’s to say, it is not a utopianism wishing to abolish the past in the name of a glorious future filled with glass and concrete.

It is, instead, a harder-to-define utopianism that is as obsessed with pre-modern traditions of art and craft as it is with the new possibilities of the industrial age.

This, more than anything else, was the guiding image of what school would be like for students entering the Bauhaus.

Students were to become excellently trained craftspersons imbued with a kind of holy mission to redeem modern life through a holistic approach to building and beauty.

This tradition-soaked Modernism, if we can call it that, was evident in many of the writings of those who would be associated with the Bauhaus, like Wassily Kandinsky, whose “Concerning the Spiritual in Art” voices many of the same ideas that Gropius expressed in his manifesto. , put together mostly by Kandinsky and Franz Marc, reads like a sister-volume to the “Bauhaus Manifesto and Program.” Kandinsky and Marc, for all the radicalism of their early experiments in abstraction and non-representationalism in painting, filled the almanac (which was meant to be a kind of guidebook to their shared aesthetic sensibility) with copious examples of pre-modern art and craft.

“The artist is an exalted craftsman.” An exalted craftsman.

Bauhaus wanted to find out how materials like concrete and steel and glass could be beautiful and could be shaped and designed in such a way as to serve the aesthetic needs of humankind.

In this, Bauhaus was very much in the spirit of the movements that preceded it, like Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau.

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