Essentials Of Writing Biomedical Research Papers

Essentials Of Writing Biomedical Research Papers-10
Whether in the Methods or elsewhere in a manuscript, the passive voice redirects attention to the action (or the recipient).Choosing a passive writing style is sometimes necessary to position important information at the beginning or end of a sentence.Because active-voice sentences are clearer, livelier, and often more concise than passive-voice sentences, most style guides advise scientific authors to prefer the active voice in their writing.

Whether in the Methods or elsewhere in a manuscript, the passive voice redirects attention to the action (or the recipient).Choosing a passive writing style is sometimes necessary to position important information at the beginning or end of a sentence.Because active-voice sentences are clearer, livelier, and often more concise than passive-voice sentences, most style guides advise scientific authors to prefer the active voice in their writing.

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An all-out active writing style would be just as difficult to read as an all-out passive style: balancing the two perspectives is key.

Other than to add variety, when is the passive voice the better choice? The passive voice is preferable if the performer cannot easily be named or if the performer is irrelevant to the discussion, as in the following examples: Up to 90% of the energy in light bulbs is wasted in the form of heat.

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When discussing an experimental procedure in the Methods section, a researcher might write: The sentences could be converted to active voice by writing the following: We kept the honey bees in a humidified chamber at room temperature overnight. (In fact, the second sentence is one word longer than it is in the original version.

We heated the solution to 90°C for approximately 30 minutes and then allowed it to cool. The active voice is not automatically more concise than the passive.) Does the active voice add clarity?By focusing on the topic, the authors have incorporated the passive voice to advantage, producing a passage that flows naturally and is comprehensible and enjoyable for the reader.Just as varying the sentence length in your scientific manuscript creates more variety and interest for your readers, so, too, does using both active and passive voice. Choose the passive voice if you have a good reason to do so.This list of medical writing resources is updated as new resources become available or I become aware of them. National Institutes of Health – NIH Re PORTER, CSR Applicant Resources, and a presentation on NIH Peer Review.If a link is no longer working or something is missing, I’d be happy to update the list. Alliance for Continuing Education in the Health Professions (acehp.org) American Medical Writers Association (amwa.org) Board Editors in the Life Sciences (bels.org) Council of Science Editors (councilscienceeditors.org) Drug Information Association (diahome.org) European Medical Writers Association (emwa.org) International Society for Medical Publication Professionals (ismpp.org) National Organization of Research Development Professionals (nordp.org) Regulatory Affairs Professionals Society (raps.org) AMWA-EMWA-ISMPP Joint Statement on the Role of Professional Medical Writers COPE Guidelines – publication ethics guidelines including authorship, peer review, and retractions EQUATOR Network – data reporting guidelines, summarized by study type FDA reprint guidelines – distribution of medical publications on unapproved uses GPP3 – publication guidelines for company sponsored research ICH Guidelines – international guidelines for pharmaceutical regulatory documents ICMJE Recommendations – authorship, editing, publishing, and peer review guidelines National Guideline Clearinghouse – compilation of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines at AHRQ Ph RMA Principles – guidelines for conducting clinical trials and communicating results Greene AE. SACME Resources – ethics guidelines, toolkits, and information on gap analysis among other topics CME Educational Resource Library – instructional design, regulations, and more from Jacob Coverstone AMWA members can access my webinar “Publish that Paper Now: Successfully prepare manuscripts that get published” and a Pocket Training “How to Find the Best Journal for Your Scientific Manuscript.” Any medical writing resources that should be added to the list? In the first sentence, the author's attempts to name the performer would be awkward; in the second sentence, the author assumes the reader will not be interested in the name of the publisher; and in the third sentence, the performer (researchers) is obvious.When naming the performer would prove difficult or unnecessary, the passive voice works well.To learn more or modify/prevent the use of cookies, see our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy.This section provides recommendations of books in scientific writing and efficient publishing.The topic in the third sentence connects backward and prepares the reader for the upcoming information.These three sentences are more cohesive as a result.

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