No piece of legislation characterises such practices as euthanasia.
Indeed, as with members of the medical profession, certain government departments have explicitly stated that such instruments do not permit euthanasia.
Death should be allowed to occur with dignity and comfort when death is inevitable..law classifies the cause of death as the patient’s underlying condition and not the actions of others.
Any legislation therefore needs to recognize that a number of existing forms of end of life care, which may hasten death, are recognized as good medical practice and do not constitute euthanasia or assisted suicide.
However, it is more accurately understood as an umbrella term which covers a vast array of practices that can be described as different forms of euthanasia. Involuntary euthanasia is not considered in this paper.
Passive voluntary euthanasia involves the withdrawal or withholding of medical treatment from a patient, at the patient’s request, in order to end the patient’s life.First, the Medical Board of Australia and the Australian and New Zealand Society of Palliative Medicine (ANZSPM) states good medical practice involves medical practitioners: ...Understanding that you do not have a duty to try to prolong life at all cost. It is not intended to be exhaustive, however it aims to add to considerations of this very complex and sensitive topic through analysis of the domestic regulatory environment relating to both passive and active forms of voluntary euthanasia, and of relevant international laws by way of comparison with domestic regulation.It concludes with a human rights-based analysis of voluntary euthanasia and some commentary on the practice informed by human rights principles.Each state and territory has enacted laws to regulate the act of withholding or withdrawing medical treatment with the effect of hastening death.These laws provide for instruments that allow, in a formal and binding manner, the previously expressed wishes of competent adults to continue to have influence over the kind of treatment they receive (or do not receive) when they lose competence.The table below sets out which instruments are available in each jurisdiction and the relevant Act.The common key features and differences between these instruments are summarised below: Advance directives allow competent adults to execute formal directives in writing (except for the ACT where they may be oral), For example, in Queensland a directive specifying the withdrawal or withholding of treatment will only operate in certain circumstances (i.e.However, you do have a duty to know when not to initiate and when to cease attempts at prolonging life, while ensuring that your patients receive appropriate relief from distress.The Australian Medical Association (AMA) similarly states that medical treatment may not be warranted where such treatment ‘will not offer a reasonable hope of benefit or will impose an unacceptable burden on the patient.’ There is debate, however, as to whether such measures fall within the meaning of euthanasia.