French Absolutism Essay

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Unlike monarchs in the middle Ages or in the Renaissance, the nobility did not pressure him into relinquishing power.

Henry and Sully also created economic stability in France by cutting taxes for the peasantry and using a mercantilist policy.

French Absolutism and the French Revolution During the period between 1589 through 1783, the French Monarchy had risen to its height of absolute power and then was destroyed by the French Revolution.

The reigns of Henry IV, Louis XIII, Louis XIV, Louis XV, and Louis XVI each contributed to the strengthening of the French Monarchy as well as the destruction.

In an absolute society, the only person who could change the powers of the monarch was the monarch him/herself.

As such, it is difficult to think in terms of an absolute monarch diluting his/her own authority and power.Famous for saying "L'estat c'est moi," or "I am the state," Louis was determined to control all aspects of French government and influence French culture.Like his grandfather Henry IV, he continued to weaken the influence and strength of the nobility.Absolutism within France was a political system associated with kings such as Louis XIII and, more particularly, Louis XIV.Absolutism or absolute monarchical rule was developing across Europe during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.As an example, Brandenburg-Prussia under the Great Elector, Frederick William, became a much sort after ally which brought money to Brandenburg-Prussia.Also, in France, there were memories of the chronic dislocation caused by the French Wars of Religion where weak monarchical rule triggered off a noble rebellion.In a French absolute society, the king’s word was law.He had access to a standing royal army that was loyal only to him. The reigns of Henry IV and Louis XIV proved repeatedly that Bossuet's statement truly reflected absolute monarchy. And fourth, it is subject to reason." These four features of absolutism can bee observed in the Bourbon Dynasty of France.


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