Approaches vary widely, however for our studies the following approach can produce an effective introduction.
There is no specific page limit, but a key concept is to keep this section as concise as you possibly can.
Include the name(s) and address(es) of all authors, and date submitted. An abstract is a concise single paragraph summary of completed work or work in progress.
"Biology lab #1" would not be an informative title, for example. In a minute or less a reader can learn the rationale behind the study, general approach to the problem, pertinent results, and important conclusions or new questions.
K, Jiang, K, Liu, Q, Mark, G, Moskal, E, Striegel, A, De Choudhury, M.
A major goal of this course is the development of effective technical writing skills.
The writer can now go directly to summarizing the results.
Summarize the study, including the following elements in any abstract.
It places your work in a theoretical context, and enables the reader to understand and appreciate your objectives.
The abstract is the only text in a research paper to be written without using paragraphs in order to separate major points.