Research Paper Parenthetical Citation

Research Paper Parenthetical Citation-40
Even brief exposure to accented speech can help listeners improve their comprehension, thereby improving the level of service to international patrons. Two authors: (Gass and Varonis 67) Works Cited entry: Gass, Susan, and Evangeline M. "The Effect of Familiarity on the Comprehensibility of Nonnative Speech." Language Learning, vol.

"Intelligibility and the Listener: The Role of Lexical Stress." TESOL Quarterly, vol.

If there is no author, use the first word or two of the web document title.

For more examples of parenthetical citations in APA format, see our APA guide or the OWL Guide from Purdue University.

Include the author's last name and page number.

Another way to do it is this: Use the author's name in the text that you write and put the page number(s) in parentheses at the end of the borrowed material.

That way looks like this: Although it looks pretty straightforward, you will run into some unusual cases, like books with more than one author, books with no author, websites, interviews, etc.In addition to awareness-raising, practicing listening to accented speech has been shown to improve listening comprehension. This article recommends developing listening training programs for library faculty and staff, based on research from the linguistics and language teaching fields. MLA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). Training Strategies for Improving Listeners' Comprehension of Foreign-accented Speech. Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author if known.If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation: (Smith). If the author is not known, use the title as the in-text citation.Author's name in parentheses: One study found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic (Gass and Varonis 163).Group as author: (American Psychological Association 123) Multiple works: (separate each work with semi-colons) Research shows that listening to a particular accent improves comprehension of accented speech in general (Gass and Varonis 143; Thomas 24).You may quote, you may paraphrase, or you may summarize.All three require an in-text (parenthetical) citation.Direct quote: One study found that “the listener's familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (Gass and Varonis 85). Gass and Varonis found that “the listener’s familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (85).

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