Maybe you'll discuss theme, symbolism, effectiveness of the work as a whole, or character development.
You'll use a formal writing style and a third-person point of view to present your argument.
"civilization" in "Huckleberry Finn," analyze the effectiveness of satirist Jonathan Swift's criticisms of government at the time, or criticize Ernest Hemmingway's lack of depth in his female characters.
You'll formulate your thesis statement (what you want to prove), start gathering your evidence and research, and then begin weaving together your argument.
Keep two phrases in mind when preparing an analysis: "Show me" and "So what?
" That is, "show me" (or "point out") what you think are the significant details in the text (or speech or movie—or whatever it is you're analyzing), and then, regarding each of those points, answer the question, "So what?That will find dropped words, awkward phrasing, and sentences that are too long or repetitive. Computer spellcheckers work well, but they won't necessarily pick up where you accidentally typed "bet" for "be," for instance.You'll want all of your paragraphs to support your thesis statement.Either way, you're probably going to reread the whole thing several times, flesh things out where the argument is incomplete or weak, and fiddle with sentences here and there as you revise.When you think you're complete with the draft, read it out loud.Without examples from the text, your argument has no support, so your evidence from the work of literature you're studying is critical to your whole analytical paper.Keep lists of page numbers that you might want to cite, or use highlighters, color-coded sticky notes—whatever method will enable you to find your evidence quickly when it comes time in the essay to quote and cite it.Through subtle symbolism, Kate Chopin shows how marriage is more like a confining role of servitude rather than a loving partnership. Mallard is assumed to die from a railroad accident (Chopin 181). Mallard being some man's wife to becoming her own person. Out the open window she looks out to the square and notices the new spring life all around (182). Chopin makes her strong statement in this quote from the story here. Mallard has no one to answer to but herself now, she feels liberated that her husband can no longer control her. Mallard emerges from her room with her sister and descends her staircase (Chopin 183).The railroad has been used to symbolize a transition, moving on, and change. This story taking place in springtime symbolizes rebirth, a new beginning, and a fresh start... This is symbolizing her coming down from being high up." You'll likely need to have a works cited, bibliography, or references page at the end of your essay, with citations following an existing style guide, such as MLA, American Psychological Association (APA), or the Chicago Manual of Style.Generally, they'll be alphabetical by the source author's last name and include the title of the work, publication information, and page numbers.