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He received a doctorate in philosophy in 1961 from the University of Cambridge.The book, Proofs and Refutations, published after his death, is based on this work.Lakatos was born Imre Lipschitz to a Jewish family in Debrecen, Hungary, in 1922.
With co-editor Alan Musgrave, he edited the highly-cited Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge, the Proceedings of the International Colloquium in the Philosophy of Science, London, 1965.
Published in 1970, the 1965 Colloquium included well-known speakers delivering papers in response to Thomas Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.
It is structured as a series of Socratic dialogues between a teacher and a group of students.
A central theme is that definitions are not carved in stone, but often have to be patched up in the light of later insights, in particular failed proofs.
Lakatos remained at the London School of Economics until his sudden death in 1974, aged just 51.
The work of Lakatos was heavily influenced by Popper and by Pólya.After the war, he continued his education in Budapest (under György Lukács, among others).He also studied at the Moscow State University under the supervision of Sofya Yanovskaya.Lakatos, Proofs and Refutations: The Logic of Mathematical Discovery, edited by J. to reduce it to other conjectures) followed by criticism via attempts to produce counter-examples both to the conjectured theorem and to the various steps in the proof ("Imre Lakatos (1922-1974): Philosopher of Mathematics and Philosopher of Science"). Lakatos wrote a number of papers on the philosophy of mathematics before moving on to write more generally on the philosophy of science.However, like his doctoral thesis, he often used historical case studies to illustrate his arguments.Analysis • A priori and a posteriori • Causality • Demarcation problem • Fact • Inductive reasoning • Inquiry • Nature • Objectivity • Observation • Paradigm • Problem of induction • Scientific method • Scientific revolution • Scientific theory • Immanuel Kant • Friedrich Schelling • William Whewell • Auguste Comte • John Stuart Mill • Herbert Spencer • Wilhelm Wundt • Charles Sanders Peirce • Henri Poincaré • Pierre Duhem • Rudolf Steiner • Karl Pearson Alfred North Whitehead • Bertrand Russell • Albert Einstein • Otto Neurath • C. Lakatos was one of the most important philosophers of science in the twentieth century, together with Karl Popper, Thomas Kuhn, and Paul Feyerabend.This content was uploaded by our users and we assume good faith they have the permission to share this book.If you own the copyright to this book and it is wrongfully on our website, we offer a simple DMCA procedure to remove your content from our site. To submit proposals to either launch new journals or bring an existing journal to MIT Press, please contact Director for Journals and Open Access, Nick Lindsay at [email protected] To submit an article please follow the submission guidelines for the appropriate journal(s).Imre Lakatos (November 9, 1922 – February 2, 1974) was a Hungarian philosopher of mathematics and science, known for his thesis of the fallibility of mathematics and its 'methodology of proofs and refutations' in its pre-axiomatic stages of development, and also for introducing the concept of the 'research programme' in his methodology of scientific research programmes.