To put it simply, I would like to see if these managers/leaders of the organizations may be applying some of the principles of Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory without actually knowing the theory.
Intrinsic motivators include fascination with the subject, a sense of its relevance to life and the world, a sense of accomplishment in mastering it, and a sense of calling to it.
Source: Ken Bain, The challenge, then, is to provide teaching and learning activities that are both stimulating and offer students a degree of personal control.
Daniel Pink is a modern writer on business & management, with a strong focus on the changing nature of work and the workplace.
Students who are intrinsically motivated might say things like the following.
Advantages: Intrinsic motivation can be long-lasting and self-sustaining.
These can be considered as "external" methods of motivation. He accepts that money is a motivator at work, but once people perceive that they are paid fairly, then they become much more motivated by intrinsic elements.
Once people are paid fairly, they look for more from their work.
Disadvantages: On the other hand, efforts at fostering intrinsic motivation can be slow to affect behavior and can require special and lengthy preparation.
Students are individuals, so a variety of approaches may be needed to motivate different students.