Thesis On Greek Architecture

Thesis On Greek Architecture-81
The Temple of Artemis also known as Temple of Diana, was a temple dedicated to Artemis completed around 550 BC at Ephesus (in present-day Turkey) under the Achaeminid dynasty of the Persian Empire.Nothing remains of the temple, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The third and the least used order was the Corinthian order. It was very elaborate and the pillars had bell shaped tops decorated with carved acanthus leaves.Symmetry arises from proportion, which the Greeks call analogia.

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Its decorative sculptures are one of the high points of Greek art.

Today it is considered as one of the The next major order was the Ionic order.

Hence no building can be said to be well designed which wants symmetry and proportion.

In truth they are as necessary to the beauty of a building as to that of a well formed human figure- Vitruvius.

They were used as treasuries, and also sometimes as a record office for example registering the names of all public debtors (the expression of "registered upon the Acropolis" eggegrammenoi en Akropoli for example means a public debtor).

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The design of Temples depends on symmetry, the rules of which Architects should be most careful to observe.Example: The Parthenon, a Octastyle Peripteral version, The Artemis Temple of Ephesus (Dekastyle) is an unusual version the Enneastyle "Basilica" Templeof Paestum/Poseidonia (9 columns) Other Temple versions: Tholos, a temple with a circular ground plan.The Tholos at the Sanctuary of Athena Pronaia Olympia Olympia (Greek: Olimpia, Olimbia) Is a sanctuary of ancient Greece in Elis, is known for having been the site of the Olympic Games in classical times, comparable in importance to the Pythian Games held in Delphi. every four years), the Olympic Games dating back possibly further than 776 BC.Temple of Hephaistos, Athens Parthenon Building typologies The Greeks built temples, tombs, public meeting places, stadiums, amphitheaters, and many other things.Temple of Alphaia Karyatides statues of the Erechtheion.But however, the third( which was used in later stage) known as Corinthian also added to the evolution of the Greek architecture.The Doric order was the oldest and simplest of the Greek orders. The Doric style was characterized by plain, sturdy, heavy columns with simple tops and no base. It is a temple of the Greek goddess Athena, built in the 5th century BC on the Athenian Acropolis.They are the most important and most widespread building type in Greek architecture.Greeks developed the temple from the small mud-brick structures into a monumental double porticos of the 6th century.But how much of our feeling of reverence is inspired by time?Imagine the Parthenon as it must have looked with the frieze of the mighty Phidias fresh from the chisel.

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