Although the passage in 19 of major civil rights legislation was victorious for the movement, by then militant black activists had begun to see their struggle as a freedom or liberation movement not just seeking civil rights reforms but instead confronting the enduring economic, political, and cultural consequences of past racial oppression.
The American civil rights movement started in the mid-1950s.
It all started, because the African Americans were being treated in a very inhumane manner and served as slaves to the white.
This is where the Black Panther Party came in, whose founders were Huey P and Bobby Seale.
African slaves and indentured servants did not have the inalienable right to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” that British colonists asserted to justify their Declaration of Independence.
Nor were they included among the “People of the United States” who established the Constitution in order to “promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity.” Instead, the Constitution protected slavery by allowing the importation of slaves until 1808 and providing for the return of slaves who had escaped to other states.Although American slaves were emancipated as a result of the Civil War and were then granted basic civil rights through the passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments to the U. Constitution, struggles to secure federal protection of these rights continued during the next century.Through nonviolent protest, the civil rights movement of the 1950s and ’60s broke the pattern of public facilities’ being segregated by “race” in the South and achieved the most important breakthrough in equal-rights legislation for African Americans since the Reconstruction period (1865–77).racial segregation and discrimination in the southern United States that came to national prominence during the mid-1950s.This movement had its roots in the centuries-long efforts of African slaves and their descendants to resist racial oppression and abolish the institution of slavery.Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!Most people believe that the civil rights movement was initiated by Rosa Parks, which however, is not true.No one can deny the efforts she made to make this movement successful but the idea was born in 1954 at the Board of Education of Topeka.On the Other hand, Martin Luther king made all his efforts to promote the idea, that African Americans are a part of America and will be given equal rights.The party did not allow any white to become a member, until they realized they needed the support of other minorities in the country to support their stance.